Eye-tracking users’ behavior in relation to cognitive style within an e-learning environment

Tsianos, N., Germanakos, P., Lekkas, Z., Mourlas, C., & Samaras, G. (2009). Eye-Tracking Users’ Behavior in Relation to Cognitive Style within an E-learning Environment. IEEE International Conference on Advanced Learning Technologies (pp.329-333). IEEE.


Eye-tracking measurements may be used as a method of identifying users’ actual behavior in a hypermedia setting. In this research, an eye-tracking experiment was conducted in order to validate the construct of cognitive style as a personalization parameter in adaptive e-Learning systems. The main research question was whether the axis of the cognitive style analysis theory reflects actual preferences in an e-learning environment and properly identifies learner types. The findings from a sample of 21 participants reveal statistically significant differences among types of learners; as hypothesized, imagers concentrate on visual content, verbalizers on text, while intermediates are placed in between.